Tree Form, Size and Colour
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Tel , mailordertrees. Tel , majestictrees. Tel , orangepippintrees. Tel , ornamental-trees. Discover some of the most glorious gardens from around the world. Find out more. Home Plants Trees The best crab apple trees for colour and form. The best crab apple trees for colour and form Kew-trained garden writer, blogger and photographer Graham Rice shares his recommendations for picking the perfect crab apple tree from blossom to foliage; fruit and flavour. September 19, at pm. A favourite in gardens, the crab apple is prized for its spring blossom and autumn fruit.
This is a wild crab apple tree, Malus sylvestris. Each tab is represented by a tab element in the XML file. You can hide tabs by setting the visible attribute to no. You can also override the default title of a tab by specifying it as the value of the title attribute. If the title field is the empty string the default then doxygen will fill in an appropriate language specific title.
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Beautifully scented flowers with pure white petals and pink stamens are held on individual stalks or appear in small groups of three. They arise from axillary buds and appear over spring 4. Simple opposite arranged leaves are; between 2 to 5cm long, varied in shape from broad elliptic to obovate reverse egg-shaped with entire margins, dark green and very glossy on top, paler but also glossy beneath, hairless, thin and soft with a polished like texture.
Apex is long acuminate ending in a blunt point, base shape is cuneate to rounded. The three-veined pattern starting from the base of the leaf is broadly raised on the upper surface, which is a good identification feature. On the lower leaf surface only the mid vein is clearly visible. Leaves are very pleasantly scented when crushed 5.
Distribution: NSW mid-north coast to central Qld. To locate trees by botanical name or to find related species go to: Species List Botanical , which also shows all family names. Rose-leaved Marara Ackama paniculata [ Calduvia paniculosa ] Other names: Soft Corkwood The Rose-leaved Marara can grow to 30m or more and inhabits different types of rainforests. It is often a pioneer species in regenerating forest areas Picture 1.
The bark has distinct variations from the shallow fissured example to the deeply fissured, more irregular texture shown in the inset, both are very soft and corky Picture 2. Masses of small white flowers are borne on large terminal panicles and turn reddish brown with age 3. The fruit is a tiny rounded and hairy capsule that measures up to 3mm in diameter. It is brown in colour and contains numerous very fine seeds 4. Mature pinnate compound leaves with an opposite arrangement feature up to 7 leaflets, which are; very varied, 12 to more than 20cm long, mostly elliptic in shape with finely toothed, crenate or nearly entire margins, nearly hairless to very hairy under shady conditions, light to dark green in colour depending on sun exposure and rather soft in texture.
Leaflet apex is acute, base shape is cuneate. Other identification characteristics are stipule scars, present at leaf nodes on branchlets, and clearly visible domatia along mid-vein on lower leaflet surface. Under good sunlight conditions new growth can flush in pink tones 5. Distribution: NSW central coast to tropical Qld. Rosewood Dysoxylum fraserianum Other names: Rose Mahogany This tall native tree species is well known for its beautiful timber and can reach a height of up to 40m in its natural habitat of subtropical rainforests Picture 1.
Older specimens feature a scaly, reddish brown bark 2. Pinnate compound leaves with an alternate arrangement consist of 4 to 10 leaflets mostly 8 , which are; up to 12cm long, mainly lanceolate lance-shaped with entire margins, hairless, dark green, glossy on top, paler green beneath and smooth in texture.
Distribution: NSW south coast to southern Qld.
Tree form, size and colour: a guide to selection, planting and design.
Rusty Carabeen Aceratium ferrugineum The Rusty Carabeen has a limited distribution range within upland tropical rainforests and under ideal conditions can reach a height of 30m. Bark on younger stems is grey in colour, hard and rough in texture due to fine fissures 2. The fleshy fibrous fruit turns red at full maturity and is covered in fine white hair. Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 16cm long, obovate reverse egg-shaped with entire margins, dark green, glossy, hairless on top when mature, except for mid rib , paler green and rusty brown hairy beneath and firm in texture.
Conspicuous venation is densely covered in rusty brown hair and raised on lower leaf surface. Impressed lateral veins on the upper surface add rigidity to the lamina. Leafstalks, less than 2cm long, young branches and new growth are all rusty hairy 5. Distribution: Restricted and endemic to north Qld. Rusty Pittosporum Pittosporum ferrugineum This densely foliated shrub or small tree reaches less than 10m in height. The single and often crooked trunk is up to 30cm in diameter.
It is naturally found as an understorey species on the margins and within upland and lowland tropical rainforests Photo 1. Bark is cream grey in colour and fairly rough in texture with small ridges and flaky patches covering the surface 2. The fruit is a capsule splitting on two sides to disperse up to a dozen seeds, each covered in a very sticky and bright red coloured aril. Simple leaves are arranged in a whorl of 4 or 5 when emerging, turning to an opposite or sometimes alternate arrangement as they mature.
Leaves are; up to 12cm long, varied in shape from elliptic to obovate reverse egg-shaped with broadly undulating margins, mostly hairless, dark green, dull on top, paler green, short rusty hairy beneath and soft in texture. Leaf apex is acute ending in a rounded tip, base shape is cuneate. Distribution: Tropical Qld shown and NT, but has been spreading to subtropical locations along the coast in more recent times. Rusty Plum Niemeyera whitei Due to its small natural distribution range and extensive clearing of subtropical rainforests, the Rusty Plum Niemeyera whitei has become are relative rare native tree species.
The largest specimens can be found on fertile and well drained soils in undisturbed subtropical rainforests. Here it can attain a height of more than 25m Photo 1. Older trees develop a fluted trunk and feature a reddish brown bark with longitudinal fissures 2. Very unusual flowers, which are borne on younger branches, are a whitish cream colour and measure up to 20mm across 3. The globular seed is up to 6cm in diameter, brown in colour and covered by a thin layer of fruit flesh with a purplish black and shiny skin 4.
Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; between 10 to 20cm long, elliptic to oblanceolate reverse lance-shaped with entire margins, dark green, hairless and semi glossy on top, paler and densely hairy below, thick and rather firm. Apex is short acuminate, base shape is cuneate.
Mid vein and laterals are raised and covered in fine rusty brown hair on lower leaf surface. Petiole leaf stalk is up to 10mm long and very hairy, as are twigs and young branches 5. Rusty Pods Hovea longifolia Moist gullies, close to rainforest margins, are the preferred habitat for this upright shrub reaching a height of 3m Photo 1. New bark is light-brown turning darker with age and has a firm texture 2.
One or two flowers emerge from axillary buds along branches and measure up to 12mm in diameter 3. The fruit is an ovoid shaped pod up to 12mm long, which is covered in fine brown hair, as are the old calyx, stems and young branches. The pod contains mostly two small bean shaped seeds that are yellowish green in colour 4.
Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 7cm long sometimes longer , oblong in shape with entire in-rolled margins, very narrow, not more than 6mm wide, dark green, glossy, hairless on upper surface, pale green, short woolly hairy beneath, strong and rather stiff in texture. Leaf apex shape is rounded, base is obtuse. Mid vein on upper surface is sunken, as are the fine net veins. The raised mid vein on lower leaf surface is covered in rusty brown hair 5. Note: This species has a range of recognised variations. Salmon Bean Archidendron vaillantii This small to medium sized tree reaches a height of 15 to 20m in its natural habitat of tropical lowland and upland rainforests.
The Salmon Bean prefers to grow beneath taller trees and is reported to be deciduous over late winter. Species belonging to this genus are known for their beautiful flowers dominated by bundles of long stamens and for producing bright coloured seed pods 1. Bark on the trunk is greyish brown and marked by fine horizontal fissures and small blisters. Conspicuous scars and bumps are left in places where leaves have detached 2. Beautiful but short-lasting flowers are borne on panicles that appear on the trunk and along branches. The floral tube splits into pointed lobes at the apex to expose a multitude of white to cream coloured filaments.
They are up to 40mm long and crowned by small yellow anthers 3. The attractive foliage is made up of large bipinnate twice divided compound leaves that feature 2 to 6 pinnae branches with normally 8 leaflets each. Distribution: North Qld. Note: This species is very similar to the smaller shrub-sized Scarlet Bean Archidendron lucyi , listed below on this page.
Sandfly Zieria Zieria smithii This very adaptable shrub is found in different environments that range from drier habitats in coastal locations to the margins of upland tropical and other forms of rainforests. It is identified by its distinctive trifoliolate with 3 leaflets compound leaves that emit a strong odour when crushed. Depending on conditions, it can be a compact and upright shrub up to 2m tall or straggly and less than 1m high in exposed sites Image 1.
Bark is brown coloured, firm and covered in small ridges and blisters on older stems 2. Flowers are borne on small panicles that are mostly less than 5cm long sometimes up to 8cm. Individual flowers are 4-numerous, i. A straight style, crowned by a 4-lobed stigma is visible in the centre. Flowers measure 6 to 8mm in diameter when fully opened 3.
The fruit, a dry capsule when mature unripe fruit is shown , normally consists of 4 sometimes only 1 to 3 follicle-like segments that are jointed at the base. Each segment splits along one side to disperse one or two seeds. Panicles can bear flower buds and ripening fruit at the same time 4. Compound leaves feature 3 leaflets, which are; up to 5cm long, elliptical, oblong or lance-shaped with entire in-rolled margins, dark green, mostly hairless and covered in tiny glands on the upper surface, paler green and hairy on centre vein below, strongly scented when crushed.
The primary leaf stalk petiole is up to 2. Distribution: From Vic. See also Tall Zieria Z. The genus Zieria includes more than 50 species native to Australia. Use the Key to Species , which is based on leaf characteristics, to identify native trees and shrubs found on Australia's east coast. Sassafras Doryphora sassafras This common tree is often encountered as an under-storey species within different types of rainforests.
In these habitats it is rarely more than 10m tall, but under favourable conditions it has the potential to reach 25m in height Photo 1. Bark has a rather hard texture with a granular surface and is light brown in colour 2. The glossy and scented foliage is a distinctive feature in identification of this species 3.
Up to 3 whitish flowers are supported by a common stalk peduncle and reach about 2cm in diameter when fully opened 4. Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 10cm long, mostly elliptic in shape with toothed and wavy margins, hairless, glossy on their upper surface, scented when crushed, firm and rather leathery in texture. Lower leaf surface is a paler green and moderately shiny. Reticulate venation is quite prominent 5. Distribution: from the NSW south coast to central Qld. Satinwood Nematolepis squamea ssp. It is found in a wide range of different forest types, including rainforests and locations in close proximity to the coast.
The specimen shown is the subspecies N. Flowering takes place over late winter into spring with crowded panicles of individual flowers appearing along the length of branches. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 10cm long, mostly long elliptic in shape with entire margins, dark green on top, silver-white beneath and rather soft in texture. Leaf apex shape is acute, base shape is cuneate.
Mid vein is sunken on top and strongly raised below, otherwise venation is invisible. Petiole leaf stalk is less than 1cm long and covered in small silvery scales 5. Distribution: Tas. Saw-tooth Banksia Banksia serrata Other names: Old man Banksia, Saw Banksia The common name refers to the sharp and regularly spaced teeth along the serrated leaf margins. In exposed coastal locations, it is likely to be a tall spreading shrub or small tree, whereas in open forests the Saw-tooth Banksia produces a more upright trunk and is able to reach a height of 15m 1. The distinctive bark is a greyish brown in colour, lumpy and soft corky in texture 2.
The large cylindrical flower heads are up to 20cm long and produce masses of cream to pale green coloured flowers with prominent curved styles 3. The dry fruit a follicle becomes woody at maturity and splits horizontally to disperse a number of winged seeds. Follicles are grey in colour, thick-walled and up to 35mm wide 4.
Simple leaves are borne in a crowded whorl arrangement at end of branches. Leaves are; up to 20cm long, narrow oblong in shape with toothed margins, hairless when mature , dark green on top, pale green beneath, thick, strong and rigid in texture 5. See also: Coastal Banksia B. Scaly Myrtle Gossia hillii The Scaly Myrtle prefers to grow as an understorey species beneath taller trees within dryer forms of subtropical rainforests and also inhabits upland tropical rainforests. It is a small tree, up to 10m tall with an often crooked multi-branching trunk and attractive dense glossy foliage Photo 1.
Bark is brown, rough with small fissures and thinly scaly on the trunk of older trees 2. The scented flowers appear solitary individually or are borne in small groups, 3 or 4 supported by a primary stalk. They measure up to 12mm in diameter when fully opened and feature 5 pure white petals up to 5mm long. The sepals calyx lobes are hairy, up to 2mm long and pointed at the apex. Numerous stamens are white and 3 to 4mm long, stamens are still at a developing stage in the image 3.
The succulent fruit, a berry, reaches a diameter of about 10mm and turns black when fully ripe immature fruit is shown. The persisting sepals are present at the top of the fruit 4. Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are: up to 6cm long, elliptical with entire margins, hairless, dark green, smooth and very glossy on top, paler green and duller beneath.
Leaf apex is acute or short acuminate and terminates in a rounded tip. Mid rib is broad and raised on upper leaf surface 5. Scarlet Bean Archidendron lucyi This beautiful tall shrub or small tree is found under the dense canopy of tropical lowland coastal rainforests. The bark on older trees is greyish brown in colour with a rough texture, marked by lenticels blisters and horizontal ridges 2. The striking flowers are scented and dominated by numerous white stamens up to 50mm long 3.
Pods reach a length of 10 to 12cm and split along the sides to release oval-shaped, flattened and dark blue or black-coloured seeds 4. The large bipinnate twice divided compound leaf mostly features 2 or 4 pinnae branches , each normally bearing 6 large leaflets. The petiole primary leaf stalk shows a gland at the apex. Leaflets are; up to 20cm long; broad elliptic, ovate or obovate reverse egg-shaped with entire margins, hairless, smooth, glossy on both surfaces and firm in texture 5. Distribution: North-eastern Qld. Note: This species is an attractive ornamental small tree for shady, frost-free environments.
See also: Pink Laceflower A. Scented Acronychia Acronychia littoralis Due to extensive clearing of littoral close to the beach subtropical rainforests the habitat of this small understorey tree species is severely restricted.
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Mature specimens are less than 10m tall and develop a dense canopy Photo 1. The fleshy fruit a drupe is globose in shape; up to 20mm across, cream to yellow in colour and contains a single seed 4. Simple 1-foliate leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 15cm long, mostly obovate reverse egg-shaped with entire margins, fairly glossy on both surfaces, hairless with a firm and fleshy texture.
Leaves feature a rounded and notched emarginate apex and a cuneate wedge-shaped base. Leaves are scented when crushed 5. Scented Daphne Phaleria clerodendron Other names: Scented Phaleria Depending on conditions, such as soils and competition for available sunlight, this elegant species can be a tall shrub or small tree. Due to habitat destruction it has become increasingly rare in its natural environment of tropical rainforests 1.
Bark is brown in colour, rough, hard and fissured on the trunks of older trees 2. Tight groups of flowers not only emerge from young branches, but also appear along older branches ramiflorous and on the trunk cauliflorous. Flowers are supported by a primary stalk and as the common name suggests, the handsome flowers are fragrant.
The pure white perianth floral tube reaches a length of about 3cm and splits into 4 or 5 well-defined and re-curving lobes at the apex. The prominent stamens consist of white filaments crowned by yellowish anthers 3. The reddish coloured fruit a drupe is irregular globe-shaped and reaches a diameter of up to 5cm.
A layer of whitish pulp surrounds one or two seeds that are covered in a hard brown shell endocarp 4. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 20cm long, broadly elliptic or ovate egg-shaped with entire margins, hairless, dark green, glossy on top, paler green beneath, relatively thick, smooth and soft in texture. Leaf apex shape is acuminate; base is mostly rounded 5. Note: a beautiful ornamental plant, available at online nurseries. Scentless Rosewood Synoum glandulosum This common species is found as an understorey species in different types of rainforests and adjacent wet tall forests.
The Scentless Rosewood Synoum glandulosum reaches a height of up to 15m. The common name refers to the similarity of its timber to that of the Rosewood Dysoxylum fraserianum, but without being scented Photo 1.
The best crab apple trees for colour and form
Bark on more mature specimens is rough and furrowed in texture, and grey brown in colour 2. The globose shaped fruit a capsule matures in late winter to spring and features 3 lobes containing 3 to 5 seeds, which are partly covered by a bright red aril. It measures up to 18mm in diameter and turns a yellow-orange when ripe 3. Pinnate compound leaves consists of up to 9 leaflets, which are; up to 12cm long, mainly oblanceolate reverse lance-shaped with entire margins, mid-green and rather dull on top, paler beneath, hairless, thin and soft in texture.
Leaflet apex is acute, base shape is attenuate 4. The strongly raised mid vein has clearly visible hairy domatia along its length helping in identification of this species 5. See Leaf Characteristics Page for explanations of botanical definitions used. Shiny-leaved Stinging Tree Dendrocnide photinophylla This medium sized tree species, reaching a height of up to 20m, grows in a range of different rainforest types and features very glossy foliage Photo 1.
Bark on younger specimens is light grey and changes to a more light brown colour with maturity. Texture is rather soft and fairly smooth with some horizontal ridges and bumps 2. Dense clusters of tiny brown fruits are situated at the end of the very swollen, white and fleshy stalks 3. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 15cm long, ovate egg-shaped with varied margins from nearly entire to toothed and even crenate.
Leaves are fairly thin, soft and feature small stinging hair, mainly on the petiole leaf stalk and main veins. Leaf apex is acute, base shape is rounded 5. Distribution: NSW central coast to southern Qld. Short-leaved Beetroot Ellatostachys xylocarpa Other names: White Tamarind The Short-leaved Beetroot or White Tamarind is a small to medium sized native tree species found in drier types of rainforests Photo 1. Bark on the lower trunk is hard, rather smooth with minute longitudinal fissures and dark green to nearly black in colour 2.
The three sometimes 4 valved fruit a capsule turns a yellow orange when fully ripe. It measures up to 2cm across and contains 3 or 4 black seeds 3.
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Pinnate compound leaves feature up to 6 leaflets, which are; up to 8cm long, mostly elliptic in shape with mainly irregular toothed margins, mid green fairly dull to satin glossy on top, slightly paler beneath, firm and strong in texture. Young stems, petiole, petiolule and veins on lower leaf surface are all covered in fine, white hair.
treasurelive.com/398.php Leaflet apex is acute; base shape rounded. Venation is very prominent on both surfaces. Shrubby She-oak Allocasuarina rupicola Other names: Rock She-oak The genus of Allocasuarina consists of nearly 60 species shrubs and trees that are endemic to Australia, with the majority being shrubs less than 5m tall. The Shrubby She-oak shown is growing in heath land on rocky granite terrain at an altitude above m.
It is a slender shrub with upright branches that reaches a height of 3m Image 1. On older stems, bark is firm and relatively smooth with areas covered in fine fissures and small ridges; colour is brown and obscured by grey crust forming lichen 2. The Shrubby She-oak bears either male or female flowers on separate plants, i.
The female shrub produces cones that are cylindrical in shape, up to 20mm long and 10mm in diameter. They are supported by a stalk peduncle up to 10mm long 3. The pine needle-like branchlets reach a length of 18cm and a diameter of less than 1mm. Articles, the portions of the branchlet between whorls of leaves, are up to 1cm long 4.
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Mostly 8 sometimes only 7 teeth-like leaves, emerging in a whorl formation, are triangular in shape and about 5mm long 5. Silky Lomatia Lomatia fraseri Other names: Tree Lomatia, Forest Lomatia This species prefers habitats at higher altitudes and under ideal conditions will reach a height of 8m. It inhabits the margins of cool- and warm temperate rainforests and other wet tall forests Photo 1. Bark is brown in colour with a firm and finely rough texture 2. The fruit is a woody follicle up to 3cm long, which changes colour from green to black at full maturity.
It splits at one side only to release numerous winged seeds. The simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 12cm long, elliptic or lanceolate lance-shaped with very varied margins from nearly entire to shallow or deeply serrated and also deeply lobed pinnatisect , dark green, hairless above, silky hairy beneath first greenish white changing to rusty brown with age , strong and stiff in texture. The yellowish brown coloured petiole is up to 25mm long. Silky Myrtle Decaspermum humile Under favourable conditions this small to medium sized tree species reaches a height of up to 25m.
It has wide distribution range and occurs in habitats ranging from subtropical rainforests to drier environments Photo 1. Bark is mid to dark brown in colour with a firm texture and prominent longitudinal fissures 2. The fruit is a globose berry, which measures up to 5 mm in diameter and turns dark purple to black in colour when fully ripe 3.