21st Century Girls: How Female Minds Develop, How to Raise Bright, Balanced Girls
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Justin Coulson. The Prince Boofhead Syndrome. Speaking Out. Tara Moss. Being Madonna King. Beyond Discipline. Alfie Kohn. You, Your Child, and School. Sir Ken Robinson. Raising Teens Today. Ian Lambie. Spoonfed Generation. Michael Grose. Kristina Rennig. Live Happier, Live Longer. Timothy Sharp. Our Boys. Richard Aston. Raise a Happy Teenager: Teach Yourself. Suzie Hayman. Inside Her Pretty Little Head. Frank Cooper. Neil Thompson. Ramesh Manocha. Learning without School. Ross Mountney. Engaging NLP for Tweens. Educating Boys. Michael Irwin.
Flip the Switch. Jez Rose. Martin Shervington. A Beginner's Guide to Being Mental. Natasha Devon. What if it happens in my classroom? Kate Sida-Nicholls. Antonio E. Ian Gilbert. Not Guilty. Nicolette Rubinsztein. Roxanne Hobbs. Surviving Girlhood. Nikki Giant. With toys comprising such a large and important part of human existence, it makes sense that the toy industry would have a substantial economic impact. Sales of toys often increase around holidays where gift-giving is a tradition.
Toy companies change and adapt their toys to meet the changing demands of children thereby gaining a larger share of the substantial market. In recent years many toys have become more complicated with flashing lights and sounds in an effort to appeal to children raised around television and the internet. According to Mattel 's president, Neil Friedman, "Innovation is key in the toy industry and to succeed one must create a 'wow' moment for kids by designing toys that have fun, innovative features and include new technologies and engaging content.
In an effort to reduce costs, many mass-producers of toys locate their factories in areas where wages are lower. Many traditional toy makers have been losing sales to video game makers for years.
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Because of this, some traditional toy makers have entered the field of electronic games and even turning audio games into toys, and are enhancing the brands that they have by introducing interactive extensions or internet connectivity to their current toys. In addition, the rise of distributed manufacturing enables consumers to make their own toys from open source designs with a 3-D printer.
The Greek philosopher Plato wrote that the future architect should play at building houses as a child. Popular models to make include cars, spaceships , and houses. The things that are built are sometimes used as toys once completed, but generally speaking, the object is to build things of one's own design, and old models often are broken up and the pieces reused in new models. The oldest and, perhaps most common construction toy is a set of simple wooden blocks , which are often painted in bright colors and given to babies and toddlers.
Construction sets such as Lego bricks and Lincoln Logs are designed for slightly older children and have been quite popular in the last century. Construction sets appeal to children and adults who like to work with their hands, puzzle solvers, and imaginative sorts. A doll is a model of a human often a baby , a humanoid like Bert and Ernie , or an animal. Modern dolls are often made of cloth or plastic. Other materials that are, or have been, used in the manufacture of dolls include cornhusks , bone , stone , wood, porcelain sometimes called china , bisque , celluloid , wax , and even apples.
Often people will make dolls out of whatever materials are available to them. Sometimes intended as decorations, keepsakes, or collectibles for older children and adults, most dolls are intended as toys for children, usually girls, to play with. Dolls have been found in Egyptian tombs which date to as early as BCE. Dolls are usually miniatures, but baby dolls may be of true size and weight.
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A doll or stuffed animal of soft material is sometimes called a plush toy or plushie. A popular toy of this type is the Teddy Bear. A distinction is often made between dolls and action figures , which are generally of plastic or semi-metallic construction and poseable to some extent, and often are merchandising from television shows or films which feature the characters.
Modern action figures, such as Action Man , are often marketed towards boys, whereas dolls are often marketed towards girls. Toy soldiers , perhaps a precursor to modern action figures , have been a popular toy for centuries.
They allow children to act out battles, often with toy military equipment and a castle or fort. Miniature animal figures are also widespread, with children perhaps acting out farm activities with animals and equipment centered on a toy farm. Children have played with miniature versions of vehicles since ancient times, with toy two-wheeled carts being depicted on ancient Greek vases.
Modern equivalents include toy cars such as those produced by Matchbox or Hot Wheels , miniature aircraft, toy boats, military vehicles , and trains. Examples of the latter range from wooden sets for younger children such as BRIO to more complicated realistic train models like those produced by Lionel , Doepke and Hornby. Larger die-cast vehicles, scale, have become popular toys; these vehicles are produced with a great attention to detail. A puzzle is a problem or enigma that challenges ingenuity.
Solutions to puzzle may require recognizing patterns and creating a particular order. People with a high inductive reasoning aptitude may be better at solving these puzzles than others. Puzzles based on the process of inquiry and discovery to complete may be solved faster by those with good deduction skills.
Popularized in the s, solving the cube requires planning and problem-solving skills and involves algorithms. There are many different types of puzzles, for example a maze is a type of tour puzzle. Other categories include; construction puzzles , stick puzzles , tiling puzzles , disentanglement puzzles , sliding puzzles , logic puzzles , picture puzzles , lock puzzles and mechanical puzzles. Some toys, such as Beanie Babies , attract large numbers of enthusiasts, eventually becoming collectibles.
Other toys, such as Boyds Bears are marketed to adults as collectibles. Some people spend large sums of money in an effort to acquire larger and more complete collections. Many successful films, television programs, books and sport teams have official merchandise, which often includes related toys.
Some notable examples are Star Wars a space fantasy franchise and Arsenal , an English football club. Promotional toys can fall into any of the other toy categories; for example they can be dolls or action figures based on the characters of movies or professional athletes, or they can be balls, yo-yos, and lunch boxes with logos on them. Sometimes they are given away for free as a form of advertising. Model aircraft are often toys that are used by airlines to promote their brand, just as toy cars and trucks and model trains are used by trucking, railroad and other companies as well.
Many food manufacturers run promotions where a toy is included with the main product as a prize.
Toy - Wikipedia
Toys are also used as premiums , where consumers redeem proofs of purchase from a product and pay shipping and handling fees to get the toy. Some people go to great lengths to collect these sorts of promotional toys. Digital toys are toys that incorporate some form of interactive digital technology. Among the earliest digital toys are Mattel Auto Race and the Little Professor , both released in The concept of using technology in a way that bridges the digital with the physical world, providing unique interactive experiences for the user has also been referred to as "Phygital.
A great many toys are part of active play. These include traditional toys such as hoops , tops , jump ropes and balls , as well as more modern toys like Frisbees , foot bags , astrojax , and Myachi. Playing with these sorts of toys allows children to exercise, building strong bones and muscles and aiding in physical fitness. Throwing and catching balls and frisbees can improve hand—eye coordination. Jumping rope, also known as skipping and playing with foot bags can improve balance. Many countries have passed safety standards limiting the types of toys that can be sold.
Most of these seek to limit potential hazards, such as choking or fire hazards that could cause injury. Children, especially very small ones, often put toys into their mouths, so the materials used to make a toy are regulated to prevent poisoning. Materials are also regulated to prevent fire hazards. Children have not yet learned to judge what is safe and what is dangerous, and parents do not always think of all possible situations, so such warnings and regulations are important on toys.
For toy safety, every country has its own regulations. But since the globalization and opening of markets, most of them try to harmonize their regulations. The most common action for younger children is to put toys in their mouths. This is why it is of utmost importance to regulate chemicals which are contained in the paintings and other materials children's products are made of. Countries or trade zones such as the European Union regularly publish lists to regulate the quantities or ban chemicals from toys and juvenile products.
There have also been issues of toy safety regarding lead paint. Some toy factories, when projects become too large for them to handle, outsource production to other less known factories, often in other countries. Recently, there were some in China that America had to send back. The subcontractors may not be watched as closely and sometimes use improper manufacturing methods.
The U. When toys have been outgrown or are no longer wanted, reuse is sometimes considered [ citation needed ]. They can be donated via many charities such as Goodwill Industries and the Salvation Army , sold at garage sales , auctioned , sometimes even donated to museums.
However, when toys are broken, worn out or otherwise unfit for use, care should be taken when disposing of them. Donated or resold toys should be gently used, clean and have all parts. Some manufacturers, such as Little Tikes , will take back and recycle their products. In , massive recalls of toys produced in China  led many U. Goodwill stopped accepting donations of any toys except stuffed animals, and other charities checked all toys against government-issued checklists. It is not unusual for some animals to play with toys.
An example of this is a dolphin being trained to nudge a ball through a hoop. Young chimpanzees use sticks as dolls — the social aspect is seen by the fact that young females more often use a stick this way than young male chimpanzees.
21st Century Girls: How Female Minds Develop, How to Raise Bright, Balanced Girls
Such behaviour is also seen in some adult female chimpanzees, but never after they have become mothers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thing to be played with. For other uses, see Toy disambiguation. This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia.
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See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Gender , Girls' toys and games , and Boys' toys and games. Main article: Construction set. Main article: doll. Main article: Vehicle. Main article: Puzzle. Main article: Collectible.
Main article: Physical activity. Usually ships within 1 week. Overview An absolute must-have parenting guide to raising girls in the 21st century. Sue discusses challenges faced in the 21st century including: -the problems facing parents in an age of materialism -the way gender wars have intensified those problems -the debate about the 'female brain' -the reasons why contemporary culture can be so damaging for children, especially girls -the challenges involved in detoxifying family life Every parent, grandparent, teacher and carer of girls needs to read this book.
Product Details About the Author. About the Author Sue Palmer is a writer, broadcaster and consultant on the education of young children.
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